Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou announced minutes ago that he will proceed to a referendum on the new bailout plan that was agreed in the recent EU Summit Meeting. He will before ask for a vote of confidence, probably tomorrow, from the Greek Parliament. His decision aims to stop the internal PASOK resentment.
To understand the seriousness of the move, one needs only to reckon what will happen if the outcome of the referendum is negative.
A negative vote (i.e. a rejection of the current bail out plan) will certainly mean that we will have General elections to chose a new government with a new plan.
It is the second referendum taking place in Greece since 1974 when Greeks were called to approve or disapprove the Greek Monarchy.
George Papandreou also suggested a reform of the Greek Constitution and asked that, in the next General election, the political parties should commit to a common program of reforms. This will probably look like the Portuguese elections in June 2011 where the socialists and the righ-wing parties competed on who is the best to implement the same package of EU dictated measures.
Here’s an interview of Greek Foreign Minister, Stavros Lambrinidis, to Charlie Rose. It was shown by PBS on the 28th of October and the discussion focuses on the Greek haircut.
Last week I read one of the most interesting articles in the past months. It was written by journalist Pavlos Papadopoulos for the popular Sunday newspaper To Vima (16/10/2011). I decided to translate it for anyone who is interested in the backstage political activity during the first months of the Greek economic crisis. I have re-phrased some parts in order to facilitate the article’s understanding and, of course, to make it easier for my mediocre translating skills. I also decided to split the 3.000+ words article in four parts so that it makes it easier to read online. The next parts will be translated and published during the week.
Apart from the journalistic interest, this article can prove to be useful in order to understand the suspiciousness of the Greek public against the current administration and the reasons why so many people react by protesting in the streets. Simply, try to imagine what kind of trust would you show to your government if you knew that your current state of misery is due to the amateur handling of extremely crucial issues. It is also interesting to notice how some of the decisions were not taken under the motivation of doing the right thing for Greece but were rather the results of small-party political machinations.
So here’s the first part of the article.
“We were like prostitutes after their first time” a top government official confessed in his attempt to describe the Cabinet member’s psychological situation during their meeting to sign the Memorandum, on the 5th of May 2010. “We were looking at each other and we were all pale” he says. “We felt very ashamed since we couldn’t believe that we, PASOK, led Greece to the IMF, having chopped the salaries and the pensions”. And then he concludes “Since then we have been completely prostituted. We’ve done the same things over and over again without feeling any shame”. Almost all PASOK politicians admit in private that the Memorandum, despite its provision of some necessary reforms, is synonymous at the same time with the sentencing of the economy to a prolonged depression and with the mortgaging of the country to its lenders. However they recognize that it was the last choice in order to avoid bankruptcy and to secure the savings and the pensions, especially since the government had previously failed to implement the prior solutions.
“The Memorandum was hastily written by us and the troika” admits a high-ranking government official who participated in the (so-called) negotiations. “We had no idea of what we were writing and the troika experts were equally confused, working under great pressure from the European Commission and the IMF”. According to first hand accounts, the slightest preparation hasn’t been made and simply, on the last moment, they isolated part from older IMF Memorandums as those with Turkey, Mexico or Hungary and they would hurriedly adapt them to form the Greek Memorandum. “It’s a bad compilation, a Frankestein-styled Memorandum” says a Minister who admitted that he had less than three hours to read, understand, evaluate and approve the part of the agreement which would commit his Ministry for the next four years.
Only the first two chapters of the Memorandum are purely Greek. They consist the “legal introduction” which was written by professors Evangelos Venizelos and Haris Paboukis in an office at the fifth floor of the Ministry of Development, in Mesogion Avenue. A lot of government officials found refuge in that 10 years old building, the design of which reminds the optimism of the European Monetary Union’s era. The centre of Athens was impassable because of the tear gas and the riots which concluded that afternoon in the assassination of three young people at the Marfin Bank Stadiou Street branch.
“We’ll become like Argentina. They will enter and they will kill us” Theodoros Pangalos shouted when he was informed of the three bank employees’ death. He was at the Parliament and the MPs next to him who heard him got afraid that the mob will come inside and lynch them. But they haven’t taken into account Aleka Papariga. The General Secretary of the Greek Communist Party, an always suspicious and proactive woman, has given strict orders to the safeguarding team of PAME (the Communist trade union). The strapping communists, instead of invading the former Palace (i.e. the Greek Parliament), obeyed and sheltered it by standing in the way of a united crowd of extreme leftists and parastatal protestors who were trying to break through the police collar at the Monument of the Unknown Soldier. Once more, the Greek Communist Part had saved the bourgeois democracy.
End of Part 1 – To read Part 2 click here.
Posted in Economy, Politics
Tagged Aleka Papariga, Argentina, Athens, backstage, demonstrations, ECB, economy, EU, Evangelos Venizelos, government, Greece, Greek Communist Party, Haris Paboukis, Hungary, IMF, KKE, Marfin Bank, Memorandum, Mexico, Ministry of Development, PAME, Parliament, PASOK, Pavlos Papadopoulos, politics, riots, Theodoros Pangalos, To Vima, troika, Turkey